Pulmonary Embolism: A Fatal Blood Clot in Lung

The National Blood Clot Alliance confirms that blood clot in lung vary in statistics, but are the third leading cause, after Cancer, of death. By definition, these blood clot in lung, medically referred to as Pulmonary Embolism, are the blockage of arteries in the lungs by fats, art, blood, or tumors cells. These clots are otherwise referred to as Venous Thrombo-embolus, Embolus, or Tumor Embolus. The causes of this disease are often vein blockage by blood, air bubbles, and possible parasite clumps or tumor cells that may obstruct the passage of vessels in the chest cavity. The most common cause, however, is the clot of leg veins called the Deep Vein Thrombosis, or DVT. These clots may cause severe illness or, in unfortunate cases, even death.

Symptoms of Blood Clot in Lung

Symptoms of blood clot in lung

The symptoms of these blood clot in lung are easy to spot. They range from sudden coughs, often bloody, shortness of breath, chest pain, and rapid heart rate and breathing. Minor symptoms include lumps near the surface of the location of the clotted vein, week pulse, skin discoloration, dizziness accompanied by sweating, and low blood pressure. These symptoms combined often lead to fainting, or light headedness, restlessness, and anxiety. The advantage to them is their visibility, for they noticeably occur on the outside of the body, providing a clear view of what is happening on the inside.

Medicinal Aspect of Blood Clot in Lung

Blood clot in lung process

As for the medicinal aspect of these blood clot in lung, modern medicine has provided the needed medication to lessen the symptoms. Anticoagulant medicines focus on the prevention of future clots and limiting existing clots from growing. In the case that the symptoms are severe and potentially life-threatening, a more aggressive medicine, the Thrombolytic medicine, is to be used. This medication dissolves the blood clot in lung rapidly and shrinks the risk of excessive bleeding. In the case these medications are not sufficient for the seriousness of the clot, removing it altogether in a process called Embolectomy is a reasonable option. This process is usually done by surgery. A smaller procedure is inserting a Vena Cava Filter, an ICV vein filter, into the largest vein of the body. This filter’s role is to prevent the clots from reaching the lungs. Usually, this is the scenario when the patient cannot take the mentioned medicines, or when they have not taken the desired effect. In the higher stages of these blood clot, emergency treatment by hospitalization becomes necessary. In this stage, surgery becomes a must to preserve the life of the patient.

Pulmonary Embolism can become Fatal

Blood clot in lung, or Pulmonary Embolism, can become potentially fatal when ignored or not taken care of properly. Proper care includes full awareness of the symptoms, as well as seeking professional help in the sense one must consult a doctor for the correctly prescribed medications. By all means, symptoms should not be overlooked, for they will result in a sever life-threat. The treatment of Pulmonary Embolism, or blood clot in lung, is a strict, basic procedure that is more effective and less life-threatening at earlier stages. Patients of these blood clot in lung, or those suspected to be, should immediately seek the proper medical aid.