The Coronavirus disease known by its scientific name COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has taken the world by storm. It is a very infectious disease that is the cause of an ongoing pandemic only declared so by WHO on the 11th of March 2020.
It was first discovered in the city of Wuhan in China’s Hubei province in November of 2019. It is hypothesized that it made a species jump from a bat to a reservoir host such as a pangolin before it was introduced to humans in the crowded wet markets in Wuhan where wild animals are traded.
People infected with the novel coronavirus may experience a runny nose, sore throat, dry cough, high fever, headache and difficulty in breathing. The chance of serious illness from coronavirus is low among younger people and it goes up with age. The mortality rate of the virus is at an estimate of 3 to 4%. These are the worst affected countries, by death rate.
The USA was among the first countries to restrict flights from China when the disease broke out. This, however, did not work to prevent the cases in the country. The majority of infections were probably carried in by other infected travelers from Europe who showed no symptoms of the disease.
The first case was confirmed on the 21st of January and the number is 470,150 as of 9th of April with a total of 16,722 deaths and 25,972 recoveries. The White House through President Trump relayed that it would take about 4 to 5 months to contain the spread of the disease and flatten the transmission curve. This falls way into July or August this year.
Efforts to limit transmission are being advised through social distancing. The government and local authorities urge people to stay home and limit their movements to only necessary travel. All the while, small businesses and the stock markets continue to bear the brunt.